A fast, determined instinctive reaction becomes an initiated surprise action against the attacker
Following are all the principles of our Tactical response/combat, according to which the trainee at the International Security Academy-Israel will be trained, with an emphasis on the nurturing of each trainee’s personal ability.
Time of Entry into Combat
When the combatant detects an enemy attack, he/she will react swiftly, instinctively, and with determination to eliminate the enemy threat.
Naturally, the ideal situation is to identify and detect an adversary while he/she is still in the stage of preparation for the assault. However, it is obvious that this is difficult due to the ability of the enemy to blend in with the civilian populace. Drawing the pistol should be performed immediately upon the beginning of the incident. When there are additional armed security forces at the scene, the protection operatives drawing of his/her weapon could bring friendly fire to himself. In such an instance, the Operative should postpone the drawing of his pistol until he arrives at the combat zone.
From the moment the Operative enters combat he must act quickly and with determination while initiating combat and striving for contact. The Protection operative should fire swiftly and precisely, while taking into consideration the population in the area and avoiding injuries to innocent civilians.
Shortening the Adversary’s Range and Choosing an Axis of Advancement
Immediately upon the fall of the adversary or loss of eye contact with him the Operative should close the distance with him as fast as possible. This is done by using the shortest line of advancement in order to neutralize him totally or to renew eye contact with him. One should remember that the shortest route of advancement is not always the fastest. While advancing towards the adversary, the Operative should regard the “hidden field” cells he passes, by merely peeking at them, in order not to waste time until reaching the final neutralization of the adversary.
Reorganization for the Continuation of Combat
The final neutralization of the adversary after his identification does not mean that the incident has come to an end. Immediately upon the neutralization of the adversary the Operative should reorganize and reassess his situation in order to continue combat. He should survey the terrain closest to him and replace the magazine in his weapon (if it is advisable to do so tactically). The operative should wear an identification hat or any other means of identification and move while surveying in the direction of areas from which it is probable that the incident evolved.
Continuing Combat While Surveying
Upon the final neutralization of the first adversary there will not always be time for the Operative to reorganize for the continuation of combat. There is high probability that during the combat with the first adversary additional adversaries will be identified and will require attention and firing response. Therefore, immediately upon the neutralization of the first adversary the Operative will have to advance, either while surveying or because he received indication of combat taking place in an adjacent zone. In the event that the Operative did not receive such indication or did not identify another adversary visually, he should continue surveying towards contact, while “opening” all the hidden field cells in the direction of the survey. This survey must be decisive, swift, systematic, and efficient, so that the Operative does not move in the area unnecessarily and therefore will reach any potential adversary quickly.
Using One’s Discretion when Firing at Several Adversaries
If an Operative encounters several adversaries simultaneously, he should open fire at the adversary identified as the most efficient. The most efficient adversary is the one armed with the deadliest weapons, the most determined or the closest to the guarded population. If the conditions are identical and it is difficult for the Operative to assess the situation immediately, he should open fire in the direction of the adversary closest to him and from there continue to other adversaries.
Using One’s Discretion when Replacing a Magazine in a Static State, in Motion or Initiated Replacement
During combat, there will probably be malfunctions of the Operative’s weapon, including running out of ammunition in the magazine. In such cases the Operative should carry out swift operation of the weapon or replacement of the magazine immediately. The course of action and place of this operation should be according to the developments in combat. If running out of ammunition or malfunction occur during firing and the adversary is still creating effective fire, the magazine replacement should take place in a crouching position on the spot, while hopping to the right or left. If there is a shelter near the shooter that does not take any time to reach and change the magazine, the combatant should hop to the shelter while performing the replacement.
If running out of ammunition or malfunction occur parallel to the fall of the adversary or his disappearance, the Operative should perform the replacement of the magazine or operation of the malfunction in motion, while closing the gap between him and the adversary, or in the direction of the last point in which he identified the adversary.
This closing of gap must be performed swiftly, in such a way that the operation of the malfunction or replacement of the magazine does not hinder his reaching the adversary.
The operation of the weapon or replacement of the magazine should not be at the expense of closing the gap between the Operative and the adversary.
Initiated replacement is a tactical maneuver intended to refresh the combatant’s ammunition in order to continue combat. The principles that guide discretion regarding initiated replacement are: there should not be initiated replacement at the expense of combat or verification of neutralization; one should perform initiated replacement while maintaining eye contact with the adversary and without disengaging from the combat scene; and keeping the replaced magazine if it still has bullets.
Using One’s Discretion for Hand-to-Hand Combat
If running out of ammunition or malfunction as specified above occur in short range from the adversary, the combatant should immediately enter “hand-to-hand combat” with the adversary and after disrupting his functioning ability one should operate the weapon – replacing the magazine or correct the malfunction, until the final neutralization of the adversary.
Short range for the use of hand-to-hand combat is defined as a range (distance) from which it is more effective to reach the adversary than to crouch in one’s place or hop to a shelter in order to operate the weapon.
Long Range Firing and Closing the Gap with the Adversary
In an event or incident, the Protection operative may be far from the center of occurrences. When the Operative is very distant, he must quickly close the gap between himself and the incident spot. However, if the distance is great but enables eye contact and a clear effective line of fire exist, the Operative should fire within the limitations of distance and weapon effectiveness and choose the suitable rate of fire. If he identifies that the firing is ineffective, he should stop firing and close the gap between himself/herself and the adversary.
We do not train to shoot with a weapon; we train to fight with it
This training is designed to cover a broad spectrum of critical issues concerning the safe handling, carrying, and ownership of handguns. It also covers the fundamental concepts of performing while under stress of combat situations and its aftermath. Mental aspects of training are covered in depth as well as the psychological stress plectrum of critical issues concerning combat situations.
Course activities will include:
- Safety instructions
- Familiarity with the weapon and its parts
- Disassembling and reassembling the weapon
- Operational check of the weapon
- The instinctive (operational) shooting method
- Aiming and pointing
- 1-2 Hands shooting
- Salvo shooting
- Drawing and cocking
- Shooting stances – standing/kneeling/turning
- Turning and shooting 360 degrees
- Braking and shooting while walking/running
- the Advantages and Importance of Movement
- Overcoming Jams & Malfunctions
- Reloading & changing magazines
- Taking & using covers
- Effective Use of Cover
- Multiple opponents
- Post effort shooting
- Entry and Move Through Structures
- Selective & long-range shooting
- Integrated exercise – simple & surprise
- Operating the weapon with weak hand
- Night shooting
- Use of various weapons
Combat techniques for the usage of firearms in a building:
- Techniques of movement in an urban area
- Techniques of movement in building
- Opening doors and entering rooms
- Shooting through doors and windows
- Motion in a building with weapon – concealed or drawn
The use of firearms combined with vehicles:
- Shooting from a vehicle
- The use of vehicle as a cover
- Embarking and disembarking under fire